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Cleaning And Maintaining Wool Carpet

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Caring for carpet requires routine maintenance and periodic professional deep cleaning once or twice a year in order to keep your carpet looking and feeling its best for as long as you have it installed in the home. The amount of foot traffic that your carpet is exposed to on a regular basis will play a role in how often you need to have those cleanings performed with some households requiring a more comprehensive and consistent routine.

How you go about doing that is up to you, but keep in mind that a wool carpet is going to require specific treatment due to the material with which the fibers have been manufactured. Wool needs some special tender loving care when you are cleaning it and, therefore, certain particular standards must be adhered to for proper maintenance.

This includes using particular cleansers and employing certain techniques to maintain and clean the carpet as doing so will prolong the life of the material. Chem-Dry of Richmond is well-trained in the correct methods for the cleaning of wool carpets and always ensures that these requirements are met in order to keep yours in excellent condition and protect your investment in it.

Soiling the Carpet

Ever wonder how your carpet gets so dirty? You can blame your shoes and simple airflow in and out of the home. Contaminants of all sizes and shapes are carried in and become affixed to the pile fibers of the carpet. This is done in either one of two ways depending on the type of dirt or grime that has been introduced.

The first is when the particle of dirt is stuck to the fiber due to the structure of the yarn itself. In other words, the particle has areas where it can get lodged and held. The second is when the particle itself has an oily or adhesive surface and becomes attached to the fiber.

Soil Types


There are also different types of soil that can get into the carpet. Each can have a different impact on the carpet and both contribute to marring its appearance and overall well-being. The first type of soil is the dry kind, things like sand, salts, fibers, dirt, all of which can accumulate in the carpet The second kind refers to finer, lighter, and stickier soil, things like ash, oil, grimy contaminants, which primarily work by affecting the appearance of the carpet and help to discolor or darken the surface of the fibers.

Cleaning Techniques

As with most types of material, wool carpets rely on two primary methods of cleaning and maintenance. The first is vacuuming which can be very helpful in removing surface soil and the particles that have become lodged in the yarn fibers along the top of the pile. The second is deep cleaning which utilizes specific chemical cleaners to shampoo the fibers and eradicate the sticky or oily soil as well as particles and dirt that has gotten ground into the base of the yarn and is harder to reach through suction.

There is also the necessity for cleaning up messes and spills that take place on the carpet immediately after they occur. Doing so will prevent stains from setting into the fibers and causing long-term damage that can be very difficult to remove.

Cleansers that are Safe for Wool

A set of criteria was established to help consumers better understand which types of cleaning materials are safe for use on wool carpets so as not to damage the fibers or dyes that have been used in the manufacturing process of your floor coverings.

The following describes the criteria for ensuring that your cleaning chemicals are wool safe and you won’t damage the carpet when you shampoo the material. Always be sure that your cleaners have low alkalinity, no added bleach or dye, strong cleaning power, and no sticky residues that can occur after the carpet has dried.

This criteria is important because high alkalinity can make your carpet dyes bleed and that can severely mar the carpet appearance and even weaken the fibers themselves. Avoiding sticky residue can also keep your carpets from getting re-soiled faster as any stickiness on the surface of the fibers can attract more dirt particles.

Furthermore, many additives and bleaches can alter the appearance of the carpet and don’t even clean it evenly. You may notice the carpet still has dirty spots or areas that continue tor remain discolored from soil and particles. To ensure that your carpet is fully clean and in top condition, be sure your carpet cleaner conforms to these standards.

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